Citation: Eureqa, the robot scientist (w/ Video) (2009, December 7) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-12-eureqa-robot-scientist-video.html Being Isaac Newton: Computer derives natural laws from raw data Eureqa screenshot. Image: Cornell Computational Synthesis Lab Play Video: Cornell Computational Synthesis Lab Dr John Wikswo of Vanderbilt University, who is using Eureqa to study the effects of cocaine on white blood cells, said that biology is far too complicated for humans to fully understand, but the Eureqa project may find solutions. Teamed with other gadgets developed by Lipson, Eureqa can adjust valves controlling the nutrients and toxins being fed to cells, and make changes faster than any human. Dr Wikswo said the program not only derives the equations, but also the experiments needed to come up with the equations. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (PhysOrg.com) — A new program, Eureqa, takes raw data and formulates scientific laws to suit, and it is available by free download to all scientists. PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen Explore further When the program first appeared in April this year, it was fed information on a double pendulum and in just a few hours it inferred Newton’s second law of motion and the law of conservation of momentum from the data. Given other data, it could find laws that have so far eluded scientists.Eureqa is a successor to robots that work out how to repair themselves, which were developed at the Computational Synthesis Lab at Cornell University by Dr Hod Lipson. The same algorithms that were used in the robots have been adapted for the analysis of any kind of data. These algorithms may help scientists find complicated equations and laws.The program begins by examining the data for numbers that appear to be connected, and then suggests equations that fit the connections. Of the proposed equations most fail, but some are less wrong than others, and these are selected and modified and then repeatedly re-tested against the data and tweaked until a workable equation is identified.In some cases there is not enough data to enable Eureqa to find equations, but in these cases the latest version of the program may identify the gaps in the data and even recommend experiments to supply the missing data. Eureqa was able to calculate in hours equations that Newton took years to find, and Lipson hopes it can do the same for data such as the interactions between proteins, genomes and cell signals, which are so complicated that describing the interactions mathematically has so far been impossible. While Lipson envisaged the program as having application mainly in biological fields, it will analyze any data that can be presented in a spreadsheet. Dr Wikswo explained that scientists usually work by keeping everything constant except one variable, but that works best for linear systems and not so well for biological systems, which are more complex, and which can only be understood fully by changing many variables. Understanding which variables to change and what the results mean can be incredibly complicated, but Eureqa should be able to help.Eureqa was released in response to an overwhelming number of requests from scientists asking Lipson to analyze their data for them. The program is available for free download now, but is still being refined by Lipson and his colleague Michael Schmidt. One of the problems is its tendency to return suitable equations but with variables that are not understood. The equations work and make accurate predictions, and must be true, but no one can understand how they work. Lipson likens the situation to trying to explain the laws of energy conservation to mathematicians from medieval times, who did not have the vocabulary needed to understand the mathematics.One example of this is the use of Eureqa by University of Texas Southwestern’s Dr Gurol Suel to analyze data on cell division and growth. Eureqa developed equations, and although Dr Suel is not sure what they mean, he said the results are still useful, and can be used as a starting point for further work, and can help in the development of new hypotheses about the cells.The next step is to devise algorithms to explain what Eureka is finding, possibly by relating the unknown concepts to those with which we are familiar. Meanwhile, the program is freely available for download at Cornell University’s website. More information: Eureqa pagevia Wired© 2009 PhysOrg.com
More information: Quantum dynamics of an electromagnetic mode that cannot contain N photons, Science (2015) 348:6236 776-779, doi:10.1126/science.1259345Related:1Phase space tweezers for tailoring cavity fields by quantum Zeno dynamics, Physical Review Letters (2010) 105:213601, doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.2136012Dynamically protected cat-qubits: a new paradigm for universal quantum computation, New Journal of Physics (2014) 16:045014, doi:10.1088/1367-2630/16/4/045014 Journal information: Science , New Journal of Physics © 2015 Phys.org Squeezed quantum cats Huard addresses the implications of the finding stated in the paper that under a resonant drive, or cavity, the level occupation was found to oscillate in time, similarly to an N-level system. “By preventing any access to one energy level of the light mode, it indeed acts exactly as an N-level system – but here, since N can be chosen and modified in time, it’s as if we had engineered an atom with a spin (N-1)/2 that can change at will in time by simply turning on or off microwave signals. It would be interesting to observe the dynamics of such a spin whose number is changing in time.”Huard next discusses how fine control of the field in its phase space may enable applications in quantum information and metrology. “Our method is a new technique that can produce exotic quantum states of light similar to Schrödinger cat states or vacuum squeezed states that are well-suited for quantum information or metrology purposes by increasing the precision of field or position measurements.” (A vacuum squeezed state is a nonclassical state of light in which quantum noise is no longer independent of the phase of the light wave, and is below the standard quantum limit.) “Our method can also be used to generate and protect entanglement, which is a fundamental resource of quantum information, as well as to perform quantum error correction on qubits encoded using Schrödinger cat-like states.”In fact, the paper states that the new method allows the possibility of manipulating Schrödinger cat states in a unique way. “Our method is the essential brick that enables the creation of phase space light tweezers, as proposed by Jean-Michel Raimond and coworkers1,” Huard says. “These tweezers can displace parts of the Wigner function in its phase space one at a time.” (The Wigner function is a so-called quasiprobability distribution that links the Schrödinger wavefunction to a probability distribution in phase space, and counterintuitively can have regions of negative probability density.) “It therefore becomes possible to enlarge or rotate a Schrödinger cat state directly in its phase space.”This leads to the ability to effect quantum error correction of cat-qubits (quantum information encoded in logical bases composed of Schrödinger cat states) as a quantum computing paradigm. “In fact,” Huard points out, “a way to encode quantum information with superpositions of cat-like states was recently proposed in the context of circuit-QED by Mazyar Mirrahimi and coworkers2,” adding that finding ways to perform quantum error correction on these states is essential for their potential use in a quantum computing architecture. “We believe that our technique could be used to perform this quantum error correction in a unique way. Indeed, decoherence leads to an exponential relaxation of the cat size, which needs to be overcome – and by displacing the cat ‘legs’ one by one using QZD, this relaxation can be canceled without losing any quantum information.”Looking ahead, Huard tells Phys.org that the researchers are “pursuing the investigation of the fascinating effect of measurement on quantum systems. For instance,” he illustrates, “we now have an experiment where we intercept the signal that leaks towards the environment of a qubit and usually leads to decoherence. However, using this signal we can now infer what the environment knows about the qubit state and preserve the purity of the quantum state – and we’ve recently managed to use that signal for preserving any state by feedback.” In addition, he adds, they are interested in applying their technique to systems with longer coherence times and to Schrödinger cat preservations.Regarding other areas of research that might benefit from their study, Huard concludes that “it’s hard to tell right now – but in the long run, if our technique helps build quantum simulators or computers, it could have an impact in many areas requiring intense computation, such as machine learning or chemistry.” Explore further (Phys.org)—Constructing quantum computers and other quantum devices requires the ability to leverage quantum properties such as superposition and entanglement – but these effects are fragile and therefore hard to maintain. Recently, scientists at Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris demonstrated a novel method for controlling the quantum properties of light by probing a superconducting circuit in a cavity with microwave photons to control the energy levels that photon quanta can occupy. Specifically, the scientists prevented access to a single energy level corresponding to a number of photons N, and thereby confined the dynamics of the field to levels 0 to N -1. In so doing, the intracavity field changed from a classical wave to a Schrödinger cat of light – a superposition between two waves of opposite phases instead of a single one. As a result, this new technique could apply to the development of quantum computers by protecting qubits from decoherence as well as enhancing quantum error correction and quantum systems measurement. Prof. Benjamin Huard discussed the paper that he and his colleagues published in Science. “The primary difficulty in developing our method for manipulating electromagnetic modes by effectively controlling their phase space was to find a proper way of preventing any access to one or few energy levels,” Huard tells Phys.org. “We did that using another quantum system – a superconducting qubit – which allowed us to change the energy of any level we chose by simply turning a microwave signal on or off. In this context, the main challenge was designing a cavity and a qubit with the right properties to realize and observe this new method of control.”The scientists also had an issue in finding that level occupation oscillated in time when using the same light mode and qubit for several operations. “The basic experiment consists in driving the light mode while the qubit controls its phase space,” Huard explains. “However, in order to measure the level occupation in time, we had to use the same qubit as a photocounter, and the same light mode to measure the qubit state.” (Photocounters tally photon distributions by counting photoelectric electrons, or photoelectrons – that is, electrons emitted by various metals when illuminated by photons.)A third obstacle was using circuit quantum electrodynamics, or circuit-QED, architecture – the implementation of quantum electrodynamics (a quantum field theory of electromagnetic force) for circuits – to apply quantum Zeno dynamics (QZD) to light. QZD is based on the quantum Zeno effect (QZE) – named after the Zeno arrow paradox – in which if observed continuously an unstable particle will never decay, meaning that an unstable quantum system measured with sufficient frequency will not evolve. However, in certain circumstances, quantum Zeno dynamics – in which the quantum system changes over time – can occur. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. , Physical Review Letters Citation: Training Schrodinger’s cat: Controlling the quantum properties of light (2015, July 8) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-07-schrodinger-cat-quantum-properties.html Classical vs. Schrödinger cats. The top figure represents the classical field inside of a cavity which is illuminated by a microwave-generated tone. The phase is well-defined (green corresponds to fields with the original phase, to which a living cat corresponds) and the amplitude increases linearly. The bottom figure represents the experimental results, in which three photons are forbidden in the cavity. In that case, at some time the field amplitude saturates and it enters in a quantum superposition of two possible phases (the original in green and its opposite in red). After this intermediate interval, the amplitude decreases, thereby keeping the opposite phase until it returns to zero amplitude. By analogy, one can say that the intermediate regime corresponds to a superposition of two classical states with opposite phases, very much like a superposition of a dead and living cat. Credit: Benjamin Huard. Zeno cat. A Zeno cat refers to non-classical states of light created by shining a cavity on resonance while it is forbidden to access a given energy level. The name originates from the Zeno effect, which can similarly prevent an energy level from being occupied by the sole fact of measuring its occupation frequently. The cat comes from the similarity of such a state with a Schrödinger cat state of light: a superposition between two classical states of light. The Zeno cat figure corresponds to the study’s experimental design. Credit: Benjamin Huard. “With its large number of energy levels and ease of control,” Huard points out, “a single electromagnetic mode offers a wider and more controllable phase space than atoms and two-level systems. Nevertheless, in order to make it work, we had to identify the several constraints on the parameters we had access to. Using superconducting circuits helped since it is fairly easy to tune their parameters and establish coupling to microwave light. Using the same systems twice for various operations required many careful calibrations, and we had to find the optimal temporal sequences to realize the experiment.”
Explore further A team of researchers at the Federico II University Hospital in Italy has found evidence that suggests many people living in Herculaneum during the 79 AD eruption of Mt. Vesuvius were killed by the extreme heat characteristic of pyroclastic flows. In their paper published on the open access site PLOS ONE, the group describes telltale signs of heat damage they found in the remains of people living in the ancient Roman city at the time. © 2018 Phys.org Journal information: PLoS ONE Thermal effects in human victims’ skeletons. A. Skull of an older-aged adult male showing a dark stained and cracked parietal bone (ind. 11, chamber 12). B. Skullcap affected by a “stellate” fracture consisting of several cracks which radiate from a common center, characterized by charred outer margins (adult male, ind. 31, chamber 10). C. Exploded skull showing a partly dark stained inner table (right side, adult male, ind. 6, chamber 12); charring of the fractured margins is evident (white arrows) (bar scale 10 cm). The skull of this victim was lying in the ash bed on its left side. Credit: PLOS ONE (2018). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0203210 Most people learned in grade school that Mt. Vesuvius erupted back in 79 AD and covered cities such as Pompei in ash. So sudden was the disaster that many people were killed and buried in ash, leaving their “frozen” remains to be discovered by archaeologists approximately 1700 years later. Extensive research has shown that most of the victims in Pompei died from injuries or suffocation due to the thick ash. But this was not the fate of many people living in the nearby city of Herculaneum. The researchers with this new effort have found that many of them were killed by the extreme heat of pyroclastic flows.Pyroclastic flows are flows composed of gas and volcanic material—prior research has shown that they can flow downhill away from an eruption at speeds of up to 450 mph—and temperatures are as hot as 1000 degrees C. When a person is overcome by such a flow, the result is instant death. The researchers found evidence in the remains of many people who had sought refuge in a boathouse near the sea in Herculaneum. The team began their investigation after learning of reports of evidence of people dying from thermal shock.Upon taking a closer look at some of the remains, the researchers found red and black residue on parts of some of the bones. Prior research suggested that such residue typically occurs when bones are burned in the vicinity of coins or other metal objects—the residue typically consists of iron particles. Prior research has also shown that such residues can also be caused by blood being boiled away leaving behind suspended iron. Study of the residue showed that it was iron, though the researchers could not say for certain if it came from blood or metal objects. The researchers also found evidence of burst skulls, likely due to vaporizing brain matter. Fuego volcano—the deadly pyroclastic flows that have killed dozens in Guatemala More information: Pierpaolo Petrone et al. A hypothesis of sudden body fluid vaporization in the 79 AD victims of Vesuvius, PLOS ONE (2018). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0203210 Citation: Study shows people died from body fluid vaporization due to pyroclastic flows from Vesuvius (2018, October 10) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-10-people-died-body-fluid-vaporization.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Red and black mineral incrustations detected in the victims’ skulls. A. Child’s skull showing a round area of thick red mineral residues encrusting the right parietal bone (ind. 18, chamber 12); A1. Inner bone surface of parietal fragments encrusted by red mineral residues (sporadic skull fragments, adult, chamber 10); B. Skull showing dark staining and black residues encrusting (white arrow) the parietal and temporal bones (B1) (adult male, ind. 31, chamber 10); C. Skullcap of a young individual displaying spotted dark stained areas and charred open sutures (black arrows) (ind. 29, chamber 12). The intracranial cavity (C1) shows a clear boundary (black and white arrows) between an inner table of unchanged color (a) next to a black stained one (b) (scale bars in cm). Credit: PLOS ONE (2018). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0203210
The CBI on Tuesday told a special court that graft charges should be maintained against two government officials, facing prosecution in a coal scam case in which the Delhi High Court had quashed charges against Chhattisgarh- based Prakash Industries Ltd (PIL) and its director.Special Public Prosecutor R S Cheema and CBI prosecutor V K Sharma filed the agency’s reply to the plea of accused Goutam Kumar Basak and Soumen Chatterjee seeking alteration of charges framed against them. Also Read – Need to understand why law graduate’s natural choice is not legal profession: CJICBI, in its reply filed before special CBI judge Bharat Parashar, said the charge of public servants abusing official position under the Prevention of Corruption Act should be maintained against the two accused persons.The prosecutor, however, said the charge of criminal conspiracy under the IPC should be recast.The counsel for Basak and Chatterjee sought time to go through the agency’s reply and to argue in the matter.The court granted time to the defence counsel and fixed the case for arguments on the application on 8 December.
Depression combined with obesity, high blood pressure and unhealthy cholesterol levels may significantly increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, finds a new study.The findings showed that people who suffer with depression and metabolic risk factors such as obesity, high blood pressure and unhealthy cholesterol levels are more than six times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.People with depression, alone, were not significantly at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes. But people only with metabolic risk factors like obesity, high blood pressure and unhealthy cholesterol levels and not depression were around four times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’“Emerging evidence suggests that not depression, per se, but depression in combination with behavioural and metabolic risk factors increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular conditions,” said lead author Norbert Schmitz, associate professor in McGill University in Canada.The results, published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, suggested that when depression combines with metabolic risk factors, the risk of developing diabetes rises to a level beyond the sum of its parts. For the study, the researchers analysed 2,525 participants who were aged between 40 and 69 for four-and-a-half year.
The findings showed that the exhaustion levels were greater in employees with high “pro-social motivation” – or those who care deeply about the welfare of others. “Helping co-workers can be draining for the helpers, especially for employees who help a lot,” said Russell Johnson, Associate Professor at Michigan State University in the US.“When the high pro-social motivation people are asked for help, they feel a strong obligation to provide help, which can be especially taxing,” he added. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’For the study, the team conducted a survey on 68 employees across various industries, including finance, engineering and health care, for 15 consecutive workdays.“On days when employees find themselves engaging in unusually high amounts of helping, they can attempt to bolster their energy by the strategic use of breaks, naps and stimulants like caffeine,” the researchers suggested. Help-seekers, on the other hand, should realise that asking for help, especially multiples times a day, has detrimental effects on the employees who are helping, the researchers said.
Kolkata: An elderly woman was allegedly beaten up by her son and daughter-in-law on Wednesday night. When one of her relatives came to the rescue, he was also thrashed. On Thursday morning, police arrested both the accused. According to locals, Reba Mondal, a resident of Sindrani Haringarh at Bagda lost her husband Atul Mondal about two years ago. Since then Reba’s son Ashok and daughter-in-law Rita used to torture her for property. As the days passed, the intensity of torture went higher. To escape from the endless torture, Reba went to her daughters Suparna Silinda and Aparna Biswas to seek shelter. Around four months ago, Reba fell sick. When her daughters informed Ashok, he took Reba and left her at a hospital. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeThe daughters found out that Ashok had left her at a hospital and did not turn up again. After Reba got discharged, she went to her daughter’s place to stay. However, on Wednesday, she wished to return to her own house. Ashok and Rita became furious on seeing her and beat up Reba in front of their neighbours. When Reba’s brother-in-law Bibhas Mondal tried to save her, he also beaten up by the duo. Reba was seriously injured. Locals somehow managed to recover Reba and Bibhas from the clutches of Ashok and Rita. Later, both of them were admitted to Bagda Rural Hospital. On Thursday, police were informed by some locals about the incident and went to meet Reba at the hospital. As per her statement, police immediately initiated a case against Ashok and Rita and soon both of them were arrested on charges of beating Reba and Bibhas.
Learning foreign languages enhances our brain’s elasticity and its ability to code information, a study has found. The study mentions that the more foreign languages one learns, the more effectively brain reacts and processes the data accumulated in the course of learning. Researchers carried out experiments among 22 students (10 male and 12 female) where the brain’s electrical activity was measured with EEG (electroencephalography). The subjects had electrodes placed on their heads and then listened to recordings of different words in their native language, as well in foreign languages. When the known or unknown words popped up, changes in the brain’s activity were tracked and the researchers especially focused on the speed at which the brain readjusted its activity to treat unknown words. The experiment showed that the brain’s electrical activity of those participants who had already known some foreign languages, was higher. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf“The more languages someone mastered, the faster the neuron network coding the information on the new words was formed. Consequently, this new data stimulates the brain’s physiology — loading the mind with more knowledge boosts its elasticity,” said Yuriy Shtyrov, researcher at the University of Helsinki in the study published in the journal Scientific Reports. “When we achieve better insight into the principles of creating and strengthening neuron networks, we will be able to harness these mechanisms, speed them up and improve the learning process,” Shtyrov added.
Mothers who leave work to raise children often sacrifice more than the pay for their time off as when they come back their wages reflect lost raises, researchers said. Researchers from New York University in the US examined data from a survey that tracked 4,658 women from 1976, when they were 14- to 21-year-olds, to 2010, when they were largely past their child rearing years at ages 45 to 52.“In the case of highly skilled white women with high wages, what is striking is that they have the highest penalties despite the fact that they have the most continuous work experience of any group of women, which, other things being equal, would reduce their penalties,” said Paula England, professor at New York University. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf“Their high returns to experience and tenure mean that loss of every year of work caused by motherhood is much more costly for their future wages, even in proportionate terms, than it is for other groups of women,” said England.England studied how motherhood penalised white and black women and how this varied by their skill and wage level. She found that highly skilled, highly paid white women lose an average of 10 per cent in their wage per child. However, those with lower skills and/or lower wages lose significantly less, between four and seven per cent of their wage per child. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe penalties were lower for black women than for white women; however, unlike the white women, the penalties for black women did not differ significantly by skill or wage, said England. “Women with the highest total motherhood penalties are in an advantaged group with high skills and high wages; even after they become mothers and suffer the steepest penalty, they are typically affluent because their own earnings are still relatively high, and many of them are married to high-earning men,” said England. “Given their relative privilege, we might still want to give priority to policies, such as child care subsidies, that help low-income women,” she said. “However, in an era when there are still few women CEOs and we have yet to elect a woman president, it is important to understand how much motherhood affects the careers of women at the top and to consider how this can be changed,” she said.The study was published in the journal American Sociological Review.
Kolkata: Mayor Firhad Hakim, who is also in charge of the state Urban Development and Municipal Affairs department, will send a proposal to the state government to designate Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) for maintenance of all city roads and Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA) for maintenance of all city bridges and flyovers.The proposal will also contain the appeal to designate the state Public Works Department (PWD) to carry out maintenance of bridges and flyovers in the districts. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life”In recent times there have been issues, particularly over maintenance of roads and flyovers in the city and passing over responsibility to one another. If the entire maintenance work is done by KMC for roads and KMDA for the flyovers, then work can be done quickly and in a smoother way. So we will be sending a proposal to the government,” Hakim said after attending a high level meeting at the KMC headquarters with officials from KMDA, PWD, Housing & Infrastructure Development Corporation (HIDCO), West Bengal Pollution Control Board etc. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedHowever, KMC or KMDA will collect maintenance charge from the respective agencies which own different roads or flyovers. It may be mentioned that during the monsoon season this year, when the roads in the city had developed potholes at a number of places, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee had instructed KMC to carry out road repair and later charge fees from the agencies. Apart from KMC, there are roads in the city that are maintained by the state PWD, state Irrigation department, KMDA, HRBC etc. Kolkata Port Trust is also responsible for road maintenance in a large part of the Port area.
Kolkata: Despite BJP’s win in 18 of the 42 Lok Sabha seats in Bengal, the Trinamool Congress has managed to retain a lead in 164 out of 294 Assembly constituencies in the state.According to figures released by the Election Commission, BJP has managed lead in 121 Assembly segments while the Congress that has managed only two seats in the Lok Sabha has a lead in only nine Assembly segments. The BJP had a lead in 3 Assembly segments while the Congress had a lead in 44 Assembly seats in 2016 Assembly polls. The Left that had a lead in 26 Assembly constituencies could not secure a lead in a single Assembly seat. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe results of the ruling party has been shattering particularly in the eight LS seats with 56 Assembly constituencies in North Bengal. In Alipurduar, the saffron party has taken a lead in all the Assembly seats, in Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling, BJP has taken a lead in six of the 7 Assembly seats, in Raiganj the saffron brigade has a lead in four of the seven seats. In Balurghat, the TMC scored a lead in 4 Assembly segments, but the BJP’s lead in three seats surpassed the total number of votes secured by TMC candidate. The situation was same in Malda Dakshin too where BJP managed a lead in three Assembly seats out of seven but ended in the winning side. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateIn the Assembly constituencies of Natabari that falls under North Bengal Development minister Rabindranath Ghosh, Dabgram Fulbari that falls under state Tourism minister Goutam Deb, Mathabhanga under state Forest minister Binay Krishna Barman, BJP has taken a lead. TMC has managed to retain all its seats in the city and its suburbs but lead by the BJP in some Assembly seats have emerged as a concern for the TMC. Mala Roy secured lead in six of the seven Assembly segments in Kolkata South but state Power minister Sobhandeb Chattopadhyay’s Rashbehari constituency went in favour of the saffron party. Sudip Bandyopadhyay won from Kolkata North seat but lost from Minister of State Shashi Panja’s Shyampukur Assembly segment and also from Jorasanko. For TMC candidate Kakoli Ghosh Dastidar who won the Barasat seat failed to lead from Bidhannagar Assembly constituency that comes under state Fire minister Sujit Bose and the Habra seat under state Food minister Jyotipriya Mallick. Sougata Roy managed to win the Dum Dum seat but lagged behind in the Rajarhat- Gopalpur Assembly segment that comes under state Technical Education minister Purnendu Basu. Mimi Chakraborty from Jadavpur seat managed to take a lead in all the Assembly segments as did Abhishek Banerjee from Diamond Harbour seat with a whooping lead of over 87,000 votes from Metiabruz in the city’s fringes. State Agricultural Marketing minister Tapan Dasgupta, MLA from Saptagram under Hooghly LS seat, state Labour minister Moloy Ghatak of Asansol North from Asansol LS seat, State Correctional Affairs minister Ujjal Biswas from Krishnanagar South under Krishnanagar LS seat also failed to give the party candidates leads in their respective Lok Sabha seats. BJP won Hooghly and Asansol seats but lost the Krishnanagar seat to TMC’s Mahua Moitra.
The Bengal School of Art commonly referred to as Bengal School was an art movement and a style of Indian painting that originated in Bengal, primarily in Kolkata and Shantiniketan and flourished throughout the Indian subcontinent, during the British Raj in the early 20th century. A sneak-peek into the artworks of veteran artist Uma Bardhan will remind you of the influence the Bengal school has on her artworks.Born in 1945, Bardhan is originally from Kolkata, currently based in Gurgaon specializes in figurative paintings, landscapes in water colour on silk, oil on canvas and water mixable oil on canvas. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfTalking about her muse for her artworks, the veteran artist says, “God is the supreme creator of this universe and I, as an artist take extreme pleasure in reflecting his creation in their actual forms.” Bardhan keeps shuttling between Kolkata and Gurgaon and feels that earlier there was not enough space for art and culture in the city but over time people are becoming aware of art and aesthetics which is a positive sign as far as preserving art is concerned. Ask the artist about her muse in the city, and she is quick to retort, ‘Its Tau Devi Lal Biodiversity Park in Sector 52 because it is massive in size and moves the viewer by its beauty. The green expanse is truly attractive’ Cut-throat competition in the market does not bog her down as she keeps up her hard work in making artworks of timelessness.
Pretty much everyone over the age of fifty remembers 1973’s “Battle of the Sexes” showdown between tennis players Billie Jean King and Bobby Riggs. But two years later, another sporting event took place — this one pitting champion colt against champion filly — at New York’s famed Belmont Park. A kind of equine battle of the sexes, if you will, between Kentucky Derby Winner Foolish Pleasure and “Super Filly” Ruffian. None of the spectators crowded into the stands and watching on TV, would know that the high-anticipated contest would end in heart-wrenching tragedy.Ruffian, bred at Locust Hill Farm in Glyndon, Maryland, was born to race. Her bloodline could be traced back to Bold Ruler, sire of the great Secretariat, and Native Dancer, winner of 1953’s Preakness Stakes and Belmont Stakes.Kentucky Derby. Courtesy: Kentuckytourism.comNot only did the nearly-black filly win every race she entered — leaving her competition in the dust and destroying track records along the way — she led at every point in each race she ran. Equally astonishing: Her jockey, Jacinto Vasquez, rarely needed to use his whip to spur his horse on. “Ruffian sets her own pace,” Vasquez said.After seeing Ruffian lay waste to the fillies she ran against, racing fans were anxious to see the horse go against the top colts for the Triple Crown. Trainer Frank Whiteley Jr., preferring to take things slow, entered the three-year-old in the Filly Triple Crown races instead — all of which Ruffian won, handily.Ruffian, ridden by Jacinto Vasquez.Whiteley planned to wait a while before testing Ruffian against the big boys. But after Secretariat’s Triple Crown victory two years earlier, viewership started to wan a bit, and horse racing needed a big event to generate interest. Racing officials had an idea: In 1975, a different horse had won each of the Triple Crown races. So why not have the undefeated filly take on all three in a special race?Problem was, the owners of the Belmont Stakes winner, Avatar, wanted no part of the race, and a head-to-head battle between Ruffian and only two of three Triple Crown winners just didn’t have the same dynamic.J. Vasquez rides Foolish Pleasure.Not to be deterred, organizers hatched another plan: a match race between Ruffian, winner of the Filly Triple Crown, and Foolish Pleasure, that year’s Kentucky Derby winner. Only one last detail had to be ironed out. Coincidentally, both horses had the same jockey, Jacinto Vasquez, who had to decide which champion to ride in the showdown. Vasquez chose Ruffian, simply because he believed her to be the better horse.Horses and lead ponies in a pre-race post parade at Belmont. The race track was the site of the first post parade in the United States.On July 6, 1975, Ruffian and Foolish Pleasure stormed out of the starting gate, in front of a crowd of more than 50,000 at Belmont Park and a television audience of 20 million. The filly took an early lead, but just before the half-mile mark, there was a loud, sickening crack. Ruffian lowered her head and started swerving. Almost instantly, Vasquez, as well as the horrified spectators, realized that she was hurt.Woman Becomes Millionaire from $18 Kentucky Derby BetThe jockey tried mightily to stop his horse, but Ruffian continued running, determined to finish the race — in the process, tearing ligaments in her right front leg, causing her hoof to flop around helplessly. While Foolish Pleasure dashed to the finish line, Vasquez finally managed to slow Ruffian down. Leaping from his saddle, he supported her massive body as best he could until help arrived, the frightened horse turning in tight circles around him.Moments after injury, track vet Manuel Gilman (left) rushes to aid Ruffian. Jockey Jacinto Vasquez pulled her up with a compound fracture of the right front during her $350,000 match race with Derby winner Foolish Pleasure at Belmont Park. (Photo by Anthony Casale/NY Daily News Archive via Getty Images)After being loaded into an ambulance, Ruffian was driven to a nearby equine hospital. There, she underwent a three-hour surgery to repair the broken sesamoid bones in her right foreleg. When the anesthesia wore off, however, the disoriented horse began thrashing about on the floor of the recovery stall — paddling her legs as if still running the race. In the process, she smashed the heavy plaster cast against her other elbow until it too was shattered.What’s more, the cast became dislodged, ripping open her right foreleg again. Realizing that Ruffian would never be able to withstand additional surgery, nor the long recovery that was required to fully heal, her medical team had no choice but to euthanize her.Formerly Caro and Foolish Pleasures stall. Photo by atthepaddock.com. CC By 2.0Almost instantly, the honors and tributes started pouring in. Ruffian posthumously won the 1975 Eclipse Award for Outstanding Three-Year-Old Filly. In 1976, she was inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame. What’s more, since 1976, the Ruffian Handicap (now known as the Ruffian Stakes), for horses three-years-old and up, is run in her honor.Kentucky Derby Museum at Churchill Downs, Louisville, KY, USA.Ruffian’s death led to calls for better, more humane treatment of racehorses, and, indeed, her death would result in improvements in equine medicine, including surgical techniques and rehabilitation. One example: the invention of the “recovery pool.”Read another story from us: Were Camels Native to North America? The Evidence Says YesSince horses thrash around when coming out of anesthesia, suspending their huge frames in warm water prevents them from re-injuring themselves. The $18 million Ruffian Equine Medical Center (now known as Cornell Ruffian Equine Specialists) opened in 2009, near Belmont Park, offering cutting-edge care.The great filly herself was laid to rest near a flagpole in the infield of Belmont Park — her nose, fittingly, pointed toward the finish line.Barbara Stepko is a New Jersey-based freelance editor and writer who has contributed to AARP magazine and the Wall Street Journal.
Europe is known for its ancient heritage, with some of its most beautiful cities and towns boasting a history that stretches back for thousands of years. However, this year’s European Capital of Culture claims a lineage much longer than most, tracing its origins to the 4th millennium BC. According to The Telegraph, this long, complex past makes Plovdiv widely recognized as the oldest continuously inhabited settlement in Europe. Plovdiv is often overlooked by tourists seeking to experience a flavor of Europe’s ancient past, as visitors flock to cities such as Rome, Athens, Paris and Lisbon. However, Bulgaria’s second-largest city has a fascinating history, and successive waves of conquerors have left their mark on Plovdiv’s landscape, architecture and culture.3rd century round tower, Plovidv. Photo by Nigel Swales CC BY-SA 2.0Known today as the “city of the seven hills”, Plovdiv occupies a fertile spot on the banks of the Maritsa River. The most ancient part of the city is concentrated around three low hills, which formed an effective natural defensive structure for the city’s earliest inhabitants.Plovdiv. U.S. Air National Guard photo by Master Sgt. Kendra M. Owenby, 134 ARW Public AffairsAccording to The Telegraph, Neolithic burial sites and remains have been found on the central hill of Nebet Tepe, dating back as early as 6000 BC. However, the first major settlement of the area appears to have occurred in the Chalcolithic period, in around 4000 BC.Old Plovdiv street. Photo by Juan Antonio Segal CC by 2.0Important finds dating from this period include burial mounds and tombs, tools, ritual artifacts and everyday objects. Archaeologists believe that the settlement has remained occupied ever since.Plovdiv squareThe hill of Nebet Tepe proved to be an excellent place to settle, providing access to food and fertile ground, in addition to offering a vantage point from which to spy out potential invaders. The settlement soon expanded to the two neighboring hills, and in the 2nd and 3rd millennia BC it became an important Thracian city.Map describing the city as ‘Philippopolis, que et Poneropolis, Duloupolis, Eumolpiada, item Trimontium, at que Pulpudena’During the 1st millennium BC, Plovdiv suffered significant political turbulence. It was briefly incorporated into the Persian Empire as a nominal vassal of the Achaemenid emperor Darius the Great, and then later formed part of the Odrysian Kingdom, a confederation of Thracian tribes. However, in 342 BC, a new force swept in from the West and changed the course of Plovdiv’s history.Old town PlovdivPhilip II of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great and a formidable political force in his own right, invaded the Thracian kingdom and deposed the Odrysian rulers, instigating a conflict that would continue for many years. The city continued to change hands between the Macedonians and the Thracians, until the arrival of the Romans in 72 BC.Nebet Tepe, Plovdiv. Photo by Noah Keye CC BY 2.0The Romans renamed Plovdiv as Trimontium, or the “city of the three hills”, and embarked on an ambitious building program. Situated at an important crossroads between the east and west of the Roman Empire, Trimontium benefited from significant imperial patronage, and many of the lavish public buildings erected in this period may still be seen in the old city of Plovdiv today. The stunning amphitheater still provides a space for open-air concerts, and it’s also possible to see the stadium, baths, streets and buildings decorated with mosaics.Plovdiv’s ancient theaterPlovdiv’s ancient past is a story of cultural flourishing. Its position at the intersection between East and West meant that it was an important trading post, and diverse influences have thus shaped its culture, architecture and identity. However, it was also a strategic military site, meaning that it was always a target for invasion.Balabanov house and traditional Bulgarian revival houses in old town Plovdiv. Photo by Juan Antonio F. Segal CC BY 2.0Related Video: Drone captures amazingabandoned mountain top villageAfter the Romans, the city was sacked by the Goths, reincorporated into the Eastern Roman Empire, taken over by the First Bulgarian Empire, conquered by the crusaders and then the Latin Empire, and finally annexed by the Ottomans. In 1885 it played a crucial role in the process of Bulgarian unification, and according to The Telegraph, now occupies a proud place as Bulgaria’s cultural capital and second largest city.Read another story from us: Austria’s Most Beautiful and Ancient Alpine Village Holds Bronze Age SecretsYet, each conquering force has left its mark on the city. Roman monuments, Byzantine monasteries, Ottoman mosques and bathhouses, and beautifully painted traditional Balkan houses all have their place here, jostling for space on the three hills of the Old Town. As 2019’s European Capital of Culture, Plovdiv is finally earning international recognition as one of this continent’s most important ancient sites.
The College Football Playoff is coming down to the final week to decide the Final Four. Ohio State is creating a potential nightmare for the committee by forcing their hand to include them in the Final Four, despite not winning their conference championship, and losing the head-to-head matchup to potential champion Penn State. Colin doesn’t believe in qualifiers, and disagrees that Penn State should get in just because they win the conference. If it comes down to the two-loss Nittany Lions or the one-loss Buckeyes, Colin is taking Ohio State because they’re the better team.“I don’t believe the Penn State/Wisconsin winner should get in the Final Four. Penn State got boat raced by Michigan and lost to Pitt. That’s two ugly losses. Ohio State’s got one loss.”The Panthers don’t trust Cam Newton. They didn’t come out and say it, but their actions tell you exactly that. Yesterday, on a 4th and 1 with 5 minutes left in the fourth quarter, and the game tied at 32, the Panthers punted instead of going for it. Colin thinks that after six years, the Panthers hesitancy to try to get one yard against a weak defense, in a make-or-break game for their season shows the Panthers still don’t trust Cam.“Wow, does that tell you what Carolina, by there actions, think of Cam. Forget the words. I don’t care about the words. Your actions are ‘I don’t trust him.’ Six years in.”Tom Herman is the new head coach at Texas, and Colin thinks it’s a home run hire. Herman was the offensive mastermind under Urban Meyer during Ohio State’s national championship run, and energized Houston’s program in his short time there. At Texas, he inherits several of Charlie Strong’s highly ranked recruiting classes and brings his own impressive Texas recruiting ties. He should win a lot of games of Austin.“I’m very happy for Tom Herman. He’s arguably Urban Meyer’s best assistant coach ever. He is young, he is MENSA. He is smart. He’s clever. He’s creative. He has been a head coach. He’s won games. He’s been a top assistant, and helped them win games. I think he’s gonna win a bunch of football games.”Notre Dame just got their golden domes kicked in by USC, and are a complete disaster sitting at 4-8. Brian Kelly is taking the heat for a bad season, which is only compounded by his abrasive personality and caricaturish sideline rants and recent academic cheating scandal. Some are calling for his head, others think it should just be chalked up to a bad year, and Kelly deserves the chance for a turnaround next season. Colin realizes that Kelly is having a bad year, but is still a solid college coach. Notre Dame has worn him out. If Notre Dame fans think that someone like Western Michigan head coach P.J. Fleck is going to be an upgrade over Kelly, they’re completely clueless.“Jim Harbaugh yells, but it’s usually at officials. Brian Kelly yells at players.”Guests:Peter King – Founder and Editor-in-Chief of the MMQB joins the show to discuss the biggest stories from NFL Week 12, whether Gary Kubiak should take the blame for the Broncos’ loss last night, if Jim Harbaugh whining over a spot is bad form, and his thoughts on Marcus Mariota.Shannon Sharpe – NFL Hall of Famer, 3-time Super Bowl champ, and co-host of Undisputed is in-studio to discuss Gary Kubiak’s decision to attempt a 63-yard field goal in last night’s loss to the Chiefs, why Jim Harbaugh should have gone for 2 in overtime on the road against Ohio State, and whether Ryan Tannehill’s recent play changes his big picture opinion of the quarterback.Peanut Tillman – Former NFL Cornerback and co-host of Fox NFL Kickoff Sunday is in-studio to talk NFL Week 12, Cam’s struggles, whether his critics are off-base, what it’s like to face a rookie quarterback as a veteran NFL cornerback, and how he would play Jared Goff if he got the chance to face him.Ian Rapoport – NFL Network Insider joins the show for his weekly appearance ot break down the latest NFL buzz after Week 12, how he sees Jameis Winston and Marcus Mariota developing in year two, how the Kirk Cousins contract situation will play out in Washington, and if Jay Cutler has a future as an NFL starting quarterback.
At an NBA basketball camp, the NBA players are usually the unquestioned stars of the show. Not today.At a Dallas Mavericks youth basketball camp in Rowlett, Texas Mavericks guard Devin Harris took an L in a game of knockout to an elderly counselor on a half court heave. Take that whipper snapper.The winning shot sent the camp into a frenzy and turned the older gentleman into the star of the camp.The greatest generation isn’t done just yet.BREAKING NEWS: An elderly gentleman just beat Devin Harris in a game of Knockout at the Mavs Hoop Camp in Rowlett. pic.twitter.com/zIJychAUgJ— Dwain Price (@DwainPrice) June 15, 2017Image via @DwainPrice
The Rockets are building a super team, and to do so they have been moving money around to clear enough cap space to make a run at a third superstar to play with James Harden and newly acquired point guard Chris Paul.Aside from the big trade to acquire Paul, the Rockets were involved in a transactional trade with Portland, acquiring back up guard Tim Quarterman from the Blazers in exchange for ‘Cash Considerations.’As soon as the trade was announced, the Blazers social media team leapt into action and sent out a couple of hilarious deadpan tweets welcoming ‘Cash Considerations’ to the team.Cash is money. Give these people a raise.pic.twitter.com/gzKjiAvgJE— Trail Blazers (@trailblazers) June 28, 2017 pic.twitter.com/u4sM7EqVpC— Basketball Reference (@bball_ref) June 28, 2017 “This trade is a blessing. I’m ready to grind, Rip City. I think I can make an immediate impact out on the floor.” — Cash Considerations pic.twitter.com/iRkC5vfwps— Trail Blazers (@trailblazers) June 28, 2017
In the NFL, very few players have any leverage when it comes to contract negotiations, and those that do rarely use it. A small group of franchise quarterbacks do have the ability to swing the leverage hammer, and Colin can’t understand why they always rush to re-sign with their teams without even exploring other options.Drew Brees is due for a new contract and finds himself in the leverage position with the Saints. He can’t be franchised, is free to sign anywhere, and Colin thinks he should at least test the free agency market.Sure, the Saints were one of the best turnaround stories in the NFL, but there’s no guarantee – given their track record over the last several years – that the turnaround will stick. If Brees signed with the Vikings, for example, they would likely be the odds on Super Bowl favorite. Denver and Jacksonville would be scary with Brees, too.NFL careers end quickly, and Brees should take advantage of the best chance to win a legacy-changing second title, even if it means leaving New Orleans to do it.”Minnesota with Drew Brees? Next year’s Super Bowl is set from the NFC.” — @ColinCowherd says the Saints QB should absolutely test free agency pic.twitter.com/qB13OpHbYy— Herd w/Colin Cowherd (@TheHerd) January 17, 2018
Cowboys QB Dak Prescott had a rough sophomore year after taking the NFL by storm as a rookie, and he just took another L to former #1 NFL overall pick and NFL Network host David Carr during a friendly passing competition at the Super Bowl on Total Access.It’s all in good fun, and in no way are we making any serious judgment or projection about Prescott’s talent, but he got his ass handed to him by the 38-year-old Carr in this little game of target practice. Prescott almost went 0-for while Carr hit almost everything like a ringer at a carnival. Just to add insult to injury, Carr skipped the ball off the ground to drill one of the last targets.You feel a little bad for Dak. It feels like he walked into a three-card monte hustle. They say Derek is the best of the Carr brothers, but big bro can still sling it.
It’s April Fools’ Day and offices around the country will be rife with jokes and pranks. If you’re looking for a little light-hearted office fun, or payback from a co-worker who “fooled” you this morning, try one of these pranking apps Apple’s iPhone, and start practicing your straight face.1. Prank MeThe only thing more unsettling than a call from the police is a call from the IRS around tax time. Prank Me has more than 1,000 voice clips pre-recorded by professional actors that you can use to create a phony phone call. The app hides your caller ID, then lets you guide the conversation with a list of pre-set responses. Price: 99 cents2. PunkSMSYour co-workers will be green with envy when they see you texting back and forth with their favorite celebrity. Type in any name, then start texting and PunkSMS will send a text back.To make the conversation more convincing, use the Magic Words feature to pre-set personalized responses. Your friends might actually believe you’re texting with Beyonce if the conversation includes details of your personal life. Price: 99 centsRelated: 4 Love-Related Apps for Busy Entrepreneurs3. Fake NewsWant to convince your co-workers that all Fridays are now legal holidays? Or that excessive cell phone usage causes the growth of a third ear? All you need is some official-looking proof, like a news story created with Fake News for the iPhone.Upload a photo, create your own headline and teaser text, then take a screenshot of your work to share with your friend. If you found it on the internet, it must be true. Price: 99 cents4. Dude, Your Car! Personalization is the key with Dude, Your Car!, a photo manipulation app for iOS that makes it look as if something terrible has happened to your co-worker’s car.Begin by photographing his or her car, then use the app to add “damage” such as dents, broken glass and scratches. If your know a co-worker is behind on paying speeding tickets, you add a virtual “boot” to picture to make it seem as though the city has come to collect its fees. Price: $2.99Related: 13 Business Apps for Busy Entrepreneurs (Infographic) Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. 2 min read Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global April 1, 2013 Register Now »