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Preventing and Combating Terrorism in Brazil

first_img Intelligence work has an ample scope and an urgent need for qualified professionals to develop different activities, including collection, which is considered the simplest form of activity, and as the name indicates, is the act of collecting ostensibly exposed data from open sources (internet, media, explicit reports, etc.). The “search” implies looking for denied data and is performed confidentially. This operation has great relevance due to the large scope of activities that can be performed by many terrorist groups nowadays. Their creativity is endless and the ability to identify and anticipate the nature of an attack makes the difference. For instance, we can name the hijacking of a civilian airplane for various purposes (September 11), bomb explosions (Madrid subway), the use of chemical or biological agents (Tokyo subway), suicide bombings (numerous cases in the Middle East), the use of firearms (the murder of Anwar El Sadat, in Egypt), and others as examples of these. A nation’s first line of defense against transnational terrorism is its intelligence system. It could not be different in Brazil. The Brazilian Intelligence Agency (ABIN), tried to restructure the old Brazilian system led by the National Information Services. It is the responsibility of ABIN to promote the data flow and integration of the system which encompasses the Armed Forces, several police, and public security departments, among other actors (industry organizations). Another success factor, considering globalization, is the exchange with agencies from other countries. Currently, the Brazilian Intelligence System (SISBIN), among several functions, seeks the operational capability to neutralize terrorist threats in Brazil. There is no doubt that Brazil made the list of countries most likely for terrorist attacks within the next few years, especially during the Confederations Cup, the 2013 visit of His Holiness the Pope, the 2014 World Cup, or the 2016 Olympic Games. *Fernando Montenegro is an Army Retired Brazilian Colonel, of Special Forces, Commands, and Paratroopers, specialized in Counter-terrorism These precautionary activities are universally included in the package of anti-terrorism procedures, which cover preventative countermeasures. It is the responsibility of the chief minister of the Institutional Security Cabinet of the Brazilian presidency, supported by the SISBIN, to promptly assist the president in the actions to be implemented during crisis situations. It is essential that decisions are made after taking into consideration the five fields of power: political, economic, psychosocial, military, scientific-technological. Brazil’s recent experience at the 5th Military World Games 2011 shows a trend in the establishment of a Special Operations Joint Task Force, which gathers the Army, Navy, Air Force, as well as the Federal, Military, and Civil Police. I entirely agree with the article and its proposition of synergy among the different national participants in fighting and preventing terrorism in a increasingly globalized scenario, where conflict and terror actions against “the major history players” may very well be performed by neutral nations that do not have specific criminal laws regarding this issue, like Brazil, for example. Therefore, it is of great importance that we have the prevention and response abilities for different terror manifestations. As a former Navy military, I believe that our contribution capacity can be implemented and carried out through GRUMEC – Grupo de mergulhadores de combate [Combat Divers Group] and Batalhão Tonelero – Batalhão de Operações Especiais do Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais [Marine Core Special Operations Battalion]. It is without a doubt that our current world is facing many challenges and threats at a global scale, the cold post-war has not brought peace, stability, safety or well-being to all the countries or nations of the world as expected. And it is very important to take measures and counter-measures to protect the groups of innocent people from certain conflicts and situations created by the ambitions or errors of others, and for that, intelligence at the level of human sources is very important as well as the secret high diplomacy to help decrease the tensions, and to dissuade and persuade, thank you.center_img It is also a very serious mistake to think that the purchase of expensive equipment and black uniforms would turn a man into a counter-terrorism specialist. The selection and qualification process of these professionals has been very strict in countries where this activity is taken seriously, with an average approval rate of 25% among volunteers. The counter-terrorism activities are performed by highly qualified professionals in damage control, and by trained and prepared Special Operation Forces; in this activity, improvising is a very dangerous risk. Recent experience teaches us that the operations which characterize the fourth generation war (including transnational terrorism) must prioritize human intelligence over intelligence signals and imagery. It is imperative that the activity is performed with great force and proactive characteristics. By Dialogo June 07, 2013 The control of actions such as dissemination of toxic gases or biological agents is extremely difficult and complex, in addition to implying high cost and a wide spectrum of activities, such as detoxification, decontamination, hospitals, trained professionals, mass vaccination of population, just to name a few of the activities. To perform all this, the Chemical, Biological, and Nuclear Defense Peloton of the Special Operations Brigade needs to receive support from professionals who are specialized in the identification of threats, as well as more resources and equipment. Besides, institutions such as Fundação Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, a scientific institution for research and development in biomedical sciences located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and considered one of the world’s main public health research institutions, along with the Brazilian pharmaceutical industry, must be able to initiate short-term mass production of necessary vaccines and medication. The logistics are extremely complex, and the lack of training in this situation would cost many lives. last_img read more

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For ‘Lack of Coordination and Ineffectiveness’, Senators Cite Minister Gwenigale

first_imgA strongly-worded communication authored by some ranking members of the Senate Committee on Health, Gender, Social Welfare, Women & Children’s Affairs, requesting the appearance of Health and Social Welfare Minister before the Senate plenary has surfaced in the Chambers of the 53rd Senate.The communication, signed by Senators Nyonblee Kangar-Lawrence, Geraldine Doe-Sherif and Armah Zolu Jallah, requests the Minister of Health to address the issues of the lack of coordination and ineffectiveness in managing not only the Ebola disease, but also the consequences of the crisis.The Senate plenary has, however, sent the communication back to the leadership of that committee,  headed by Grand Kru County Senator Dr. Peter Coleman, with the mandate to gather and give the Senate more information and details on the status of the fight against Ebola.In their letter, read last Thursday, the three outspoken Senators informed their colleagues that their decision was prompted by continuing dissatisfaction exhibited by citizens and residents of the country over the handling of the Ebola crisis in Liberia.The letter reminded the plenary that it has been six months since the country started the fight against Ebola. “But today, the Senate has not received a plan and information as to which organization is involved with this fight against Ebola, and what are their respective functions. In addition, we are not updated on the progress being made,” the letter read.It is common knowledge that most of the efforts in the anti- Ebola fight relies on support by several international institutions in collaboration with the MOH.The Senators asserted that research conducted clearly shows that 90% of the Ebola crisis is being managed by international organizations, leaving the Ministry of Health with contact tracing, quarantining, and monitoring also with support from international organizations.The communication acknowledged the strong involvement of international organizations such as Medicins San Frontiers, WHO, Save the Children (UK), the Uganda Team, International Medical Corp, CDC-USA, Liberian National Red Cross Society and International Red Cross and Red Crescent.“As our country continues to deal with the challenges of the spread of the Ebola virus, government is required to address the issue of the lack of coordination and ineffectiveness in managing not only the Ebola disease, but also the consequences of the crisis,” the letter said.Asserting that it was better late than never, the Senators recommended that that the Minister of Health appear before the Senate with a county-to-county plan to fight the virus, and at the same time give reasons why the home and community of the late Eric Duncan were not attended to by the contact tracing team.The Senators further demanded that during his appearance, the Minister be requested to brief the Senate on efforts being made to contain the virus, and to present a report on the application of the message and international resources and the impact of these resources in the fight against the deadly disease. “These, when achieved, will enlighten members of the Senate on the issue of the discharge of their duties,” said the Senators.Despite the decision to send the communication to the committee room, both Senators Lawrence and Doe Sherif put up a strong representation on why they were seeking the direct involvement of the plenary in requesting that body to take a comprehensive action by ensuring that the Minister appear before the body, maintaining that the issue is no longer a matter for committee to take a definite action.For his part, Senator Coleman, the chair of that committee, in counter-reaction to his co-members’ communication, registered his regret that such a communication was emanating from ranking members of the Health Committee. He recalled that two months ago, the email addresses of all Senators were obtained in order to update them on the fight against Ebola and since then, they have been updated twice a week on the number of cases, deaths, contacts, and highlights of what is happening in every county.“If my colleagues have any consideration of this nature, they could have brought it to the committee where we could have convened a meeting; but to see this thing happening, I consider it as stabbing the chairman in the back,” Senator Coleman charged.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

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Rumsfeld immune in torture case

first_imgPARIS – A Paris prosecutor has thrown out a complaint against former Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld for torture in Iraq and at the U.S. military detention camp at Guantanamo Bay, a lawyer for one of the four groups that filed the case said Friday. The prosecutor dismissed the case on the grounds that Rumsfeld benefits from immunity, said attorney Patrick Baudoin, president of the International Federation of Human Rights. The organizations that brought the complaint have asked the prosecutor to reconsider. The complaint was filed Oct. 25 during a visit by Rumsfeld to Paris. Prosecutor Jean-Claude Marin said Rumsfeld is covered by the immunity accorded to heads of state or government and foreign ministers for acts during their time in office, according to a letter seen by The Associated Press. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREPettersson scores another winner, Canucks beat Kingslast_img read more

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