Cricket F1 French GP 2021: Max Verstappen pips Lewis Hamilton to win French GP, Perez finishes 3rd Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR German bank Donner & Reuschel has launched a new investment fund which is aiming to take advantage of the long-term growth trend in global sports and invest in media rights, private equity and real estate.Few other business sectors have grown as fast in recent years as professional sports. In football, for example, both the value of the European professional clubs and the prices for broadcasting rights have increased by around 9% per annum since the turn of the millennium. Investors can now participate in this billion-euro business for the first time. PSL 2021 Playoffs: Schedule, Timing, LIVE streaming, list of champions; all you need to know Formula 1 Cricket Football WI vs SA 2nd Test Day 3 Live: Rain stops play; South Africa in huge trouble, SA 66/6 (24.3 ov)- Follow Live Updates By Kunal Dhyani – November 24, 2017 WTC Final LIVE: Devon Conway continues red-hot form, slams fifty to provide New Zealand dream start by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeCBS NewsThese Are America’s Deadliest HighwaysCBS NewsUndoTreehuggerHow To Protect Yourself Against CyberthreatsTreehuggerUndo247 SportsThe Highest-Paid College Football Coaches In 2020, Ranked247 SportsUndoThe fund will invest in the commercial areas of sports with a focus on football and entertainment rights. For example, this includes broadcasting rights, equity investments in clubs and equipment suppliers, and sports properties such as stadiums and training centres for top athletes. Donner & Reuschel is assuming the role of both the custodian and the exclusive sales partner, while HansaInvest is acting as the capital management company. In the medium term, the fund is looking to raise EUR200 million. The minimum subscription amount is EUR1 million. The target return at the fund level (IRR) is 8% per annum before costs, and the duration of the fund is until the end of 2028.“The sports and entertainment sector will further benefit from digitalization, as media rights, data and eSports are the big growth drivers of the future,” says Martin Wolf, who acts as an advisor to the fund together with Robert Niemann, both from Sports Advisory International in Munich, Germany.“With this innovative idea, we are giving investors access to a brand new asset class that was previously only available to private equity firms and corporations,” adds Thomas Ronfeld, head of Primary Markets at the bank Donner & Reuschel.The newly launched sports fund invests in a non-correlating asset class combined with a unique growth industry. Football WTC Final LIVE: Jamieson says, ‘nice and pleasing to get Virat Kohli’s wicket’; Gill feels India could have got more wickets Previous articleAlonso launches eSports team in association with LogitechNext articleISL Season opener garners 25m TV impressions: STAR INDIA Kunal DhyaniSports Tech enthusiast, he reports on Sports Tech industry and writes on sports products. Euro 2020- Switzerland beat Turkey 3-1: Shaqiri’s brace keep Switzerland hopes alive; Turkey face exit from Euros Cricket Euro 2020 LIVE broadcast in more than 200 countries, check how you can watch Live Streaming of EURO 2020 in your country YourBump15 Actors That Hollywood Banned For LifeYourBump|SponsoredSponsoredUndoDefinitionTime Was Not Kind To These 28 CelebritiesDefinition|SponsoredSponsoredUndoPost FunThese Twins Were Named “Most Beautiful In The World,” Wait Until You See Them TodayPost Fun|SponsoredSponsoredUndoDaily FunnyFemale Athlete Fails You Can’t Look Away FromDaily Funny|SponsoredSponsoredUndoMisterStoryWoman Files For Divorce After Seeing This Photo – Can You See Why?MisterStory|SponsoredSponsoredUndoDefinitionWhat ‘Harry Potter’ Characters Were Actually Supposed To Look LikeDefinition|SponsoredSponsoredUndo Cricket Latest Sports News Tokyo Olympics: BCCI provides fuel in Indian Olympic flame, to contribute Rs 10 crore Cricket Now private bank launches professional sports fund Cricket TAGSDonner & ReuschelEuropean Football SHARE Facebook Twitter Latest Sports NewsSports BusinessNewsSport WTC Final IND vs NZ: Virat Kohli displays his dancing skills on the beats of Bharat Army’s Dhol; Watch video BCCI to form committee to take call on compensating domestic cricketers
CA Sales Holdings Limited (CAS.bw) listed on the Botswana Stock Exchange under the Industrial holding sector has released it’s 2017 annual report.For more information about CA Sales Holdings Limited (CAS.bw) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the CA Sales Holdings Limited (CAS.bw) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: CA Sales Holdings Limited (CAS.bw) 2017 annual report.Company ProfileCA Sales Holdings Limited, listed on the Botswana Stock Exchange, of businesses that operate in Southern Africa. It operates within the FMCG industry and delivers services to blue chip manufacturers, both locally and internationally. Its service offering includes selling, merchandising, warehousing, distribution, debtors administration, marketing & promotions, point of sale warehousing and training. The group has offices and facilities in all the main centres throughout Botswana, Swaziland, Namibia, South Africa, Lesotho, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Mozambique.
Regency Alliance Insurance Plc (REGALI.ng) listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange under the Insurance sector has released it’s 2017 interim results for the first quarter.For more information about Regency Alliance Insurance Plc (REGALI.ng) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Regency Alliance Insurance Plc (REGALI.ng) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Regency Alliance Insurance Plc (REGALI.ng) 2017 interim results for the first quarter.Company ProfileRegency Alliance Insurance Plc is an insurance company in Nigeria licensed to cover all classes of non-life insurance. The company also has business interests in property investments in the form of real estate development and leasing, finance leasing, retail and microfinance banking and vehicle tracking and fleet management services. Regency Alliance Insurance Plc covers aviation, bonds, goods in transit, motor vehicles, employer’s liability, plant and industrial all-risk, marine, oil and energy, contractor all-risk, director’s liability, fidelity guaranty, professional indemnity, public liability, erection all-risk, machinery breakdown, business interruption, burglary, personal accident and fire and special perils insurance as well as occupier’s and builder’s liability, healthcare professionals, motor third party insurance and property and family protection insurance. RIC Properties & Investment Limited is a subsidiary of Regency Alliance Insurance Plc. The company’s head office is in Lagos, Nigeria. Regency Alliance Insurance Plc is listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange
Tags Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS Featured Jobs & Calls Rector Washington, DC Curate Diocese of Nebraska An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem Rector Smithfield, NC Director of Music Morristown, NJ Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI Rector Belleville, IL Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Course Director Jerusalem, Israel In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ Rector Tampa, FL Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT Rector Hopkinsville, KY Rector Collierville, TN Youth Minister Lorton, VA Rector Bath, NC Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Bishop Elections The Episcopal Dioceses of Northwestern Pennsylvania and Western New York voted Oct. 26 to share a bishop and a staff for the next five years as they explore a deeper relationship focused on creating new opportunities for mission.The move was formalized when Western New York elected the Rt. Rev. Sean Rowe, bishop of Northwestern Pennsylvania, for a five-year term as its provisional bishop. Rowe will assume the office upon the retirement of Bishop William Franklin in early April.“History will judge us as to the right and wrong of the choice,” said Rowe, in a brief address before the vote was taken. “God? God will bless us in our faithfulness to the Gospel call—no matter our choice. And that’s all that matters.”During the first three years of the partnership, the two dioceses will work together to deepen relationships and develop shared mission priorities. In October 2021, they will re-evaluate the partnership and in October 2024, decide whether to continue it.“We have all experienced the new energy that the conversations about this partnership have created, and we have felt what this infusion of energy could mean for our ministry here in Western New York,” said Franklin, who has been bishop of Western New York since 2011. “It’s created a kind of electricity and given many of us a renewed, missional hope for the future of the Episcopal Church in this region.”Rowe will maintain offices in Tonawanda and Erie and make visitations in both dioceses. Elected leaders in both dioceses will continue to exercise their canonical functions. Each diocese will maintain its cathedral and send a deputation to the 2021 General Convention.“This partnership has the chance to infuse invigorating energy into all of us,” said Danielle Bane, of St. Stephen’s Church in Fairview, Pennsylvania. “And with that renewal, we can do God’s work with greater generosity because of increased efficiency and a marvelous synergy. I know it will include some hiccups and challenges, but the light that results will shine brighter. A little vulnerability and faith are always part of terrific innovations.”The vote was the culmination of a 14-month process of consultation. More than 500 people attended eight listening sessions in the two dioceses last winter to discuss the proposed partnership. In May, the standing committees of the two dioceses unanimously voted to support the idea.“We can credit the work of the Holy Spirit to bring the joint energies and the talents of two dioceses under the dynamic leadership of one bishop,” said the Rev. Luke Fodor, rector of St. Luke’s Church in Jamestown, New York. “Sean Rowe is the best possible candidate we could have found to be our provisional bishop. And now, we look to the future of serving beside new colleagues. May this border crossing moment open our eyes to the way that God is calling forth new realities in our midst.”The Rev. Gay Clark Jennings, president of the House of Deputies gave the convention’s keynote address. She said the restructuring initiatives were afoot throughout the Episcopal Church, and described the proposal voted on today as “bolder and more thorough than most.”“The world might swirl around us, but we know who we are, and we can stretch our identity, our faith, and, yes, even our structures to accommodate the changes we need to make,” Jennings said. New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Cathedral Dean Boise, ID Rector Knoxville, TN Press Release Service Submit a Job Listing Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA Submit a Press Release Rector Martinsville, VA Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Featured Events Submit an Event Listing Rector Pittsburgh, PA Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 Rector Albany, NY Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME Associate Rector Columbus, GA Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Western New York, Northwestern Pennsylvania ratify partnership Sean Rowe will lead both dioceses Rector Shreveport, LA AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Posted Oct 26, 2018
About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Howard Lake | 26 October 2007 | News 11 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Direct and Interactive Marketing: New Techniques for Fundraising Success (New Directions for Philanthropic Fundraising)
Howard Lake | 10 October 2011 | News Tagged with: charity of the year corporate Nestlé employees raise £350,000 for Alzheimer’s Society 18 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis1 Nestlé UK and Ireland employees have raised £350,000 for Alzheimer’s Society, the company’s Charity of the Year 2011, beating its original target of £250,000.The company’s employees’ fundraising activities have included a site-to-site bicycle challenge between Nestlé sites from Girvan in Scotland to Croydon in Surrey, marathons, the Three Peaks Challenge and treks overseas. The company also ‘turned blue’ in April, with staff dressed in blue wigs and clothes selling cakes and blue custard.Nestlé in the UK employs just over 6,500 people, and exports over £260 million worth of products each year to over 50 countries within the EU and the world.www.alzheimers.org.uk About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis1
91 total views, 1 views today Bargain Hunt & children’s authors unite to raise funds for Bristol hospital AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis3 About Melanie May Melanie May is a journalist and copywriter specialising in writing both for and about the charity and marketing services sectors since 2001. She can be reached via www.thepurplepim.com. 92 total views, 2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis3 Melanie May | 4 October 2016 | News Tagged with: Celebrity Charity Auction fundraising events Fundraising ideas Some of the country’s best-loved children’s authors have joined together with local Bristol hospital charity Above & Beyond to raise funds for Bristol Royal Hospital for Children.Above & Beyond has launched Don’t Be Scared, a children’s anthology with short stories, poems and illustrations by more than 30 writers and illustrators including Children’s Laureates Jacqueline Wilson, Anne Fine, Michael Morpurgo, Julia Donaldson, Quentin Blake, Roald Dahl and Carol Ann Duffy.The book was launched on 29th September with a reading by contributor Geraldine McCaughrean, and an auction of six of the original illustrations featured in the book by BBC One Bargain Hunt presenter Thomas Plant, which raised £755.McCaughrean said:“There are times when we just need to get out of ourselves – when we’re ill, when we’re miserable, when we’re stuck in one place for too long… Reading is one way. So what better than to fill a book with a heap of different stories and pictures that transport you somewhere else and cheer you up? Above & Beyond is all about making people feel better.”Don’t Be Scared can be bought online from Redcliffe Press, at Foyles in Bristol’s Cabot Circus and at the Above & Beyond Fundraising Hub inside Bristol Royal Infirmary. All profits will be donated to Bristol Royal Hospital for Children.Picture: Auctioneer Thomas Plant with Above & Beyond’s Helen Turton. Photo credit: Dee Robertson Advertisement
The agency’s decision will significantly impact the vegetable oil market, including the soybean oil market. The agency has made a tentative determination to rescind the Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) status for partially hydrogenated oils (PHO), including partially hydrogenated vegetable oil (PHVO). The process of partially hydrogenating vegetable oils to make them more stable for certain baking, frying, or food applications has taken place since the 1930s, a process that results in the formation of some trans fats. Due to indications that increased consumption of trans fats may negatively affect coronary health, the FDA started requiring in 2006 that food nutrition panels identify the amount of trans fat in food products. By Gary Truitt – Nov 7, 2013 Soybean Farmers Respond to FDA Ban on Trans Fat In response to today’s notice by the FDA, Mississippi soybean farmer and ASA President Danny Murphy issued the following statement: “The vast majority of soybean oil consumed is not partially hydrogenated and is free of trans fats, so consumers can be assured of the continued safety and healthfulness of soybean oil and the many food products that contain it. It’s also important to remember that soybean oil is a very healthy oil that is high in poly-unsaturated fats and has high levels of heart-healthy Omega-3 fatty acids.” Murphy pointed out that since 2003 the soybean industry has been aggressively developing soy oil that contains no trans fats, “According to the FDA’s own analysis, average consumer consumption of trans fats has fallen by more than 70 percent in the past decade. We’ve replaced the functional characteristics that some baking and frying applications needed from partially hydrogenated oils through blending of various oils, the blending of fully hydrogenated soybean oil (which does not contain any trans fats) with liquid soybean and other oils, and other processes that reduce or eliminate trans fats.” SHARE Previous articleIndiana Sheep and Wool Checkoff Assessment to Begin Dec. 1Next articleWhat Impacted Yield in 2013 Crops Gary Truitt Facebook Twitter Facebook Twitter Given the amount of progress that has been accomplished by the private sector, Murphy questioned the need for the FDA action, “Given that the food and vegetable oil industries have already moved to greatly reduce trans fats in food products and in Americans’ diets, we do have questions about the need for FDA to take this proposed action. Further, we have concerns that if the FDA were to finalize this determination, food processors may be pressured to replace remaining partially hydrogenated oils with those high in saturated fat such as palm or coconut oils, which would not be a good outcome for consumers. Finally, since it will take a few years to ramp up high oleic soybean production to provide an economical alternative to food processors, we believe any final FDA determination on the matter should reflect this timeframe.” SHARE The New York Times reports that the proposal will be open for public comment for 60 days. The FDA would then declare that partially hydrogenated oils, the source of trans fats, were no longer “generally recognized as safe.” Companies would then have to prove that partially hydrogenated oils were safe. ASA said it will respond to the FDA during the comment period. Home Indiana Agriculture News Soybean Farmers Respond to FDA Ban on Trans Fat In yet another heavy-handed move by the Obama administration, the Food and Drug Administration is proposing a ban on trans fats within the nation’s food industry after a determination that they are no longer considered safe to eat. According to an FDA report, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that a further reduction of trans fats in the food supply can prevent an additional 7,000 deaths from heart disease and up to 20,000 heart attacks each year. The FDA says trans fats can be found in such processed foods as cookies, cakes, frozen pies, and other baked goods; snack foods such as microwave popcorn; frozen pizza; vegetable shortenings and stick margarines; coffee creamers; and refrigerated dough products such as biscuits and cinnamon rolls. Murphy added that seed and technology companies within the soybean industry have developed soybean varieties that are high in heart-healthy high oleic fatty acids and eliminate the need for partial hydrogenation. These high-oleic soybean oil varieties enable food companies to get the functionality they desire for flavor stability, texture, and other important characteristics while avoiding the tradeoff to higher saturated fat or trans fat levels that comes with using palm oil or partially hydrogenated oil for stability. “The soy checkoff is working closely with these companies to accelerate the commercialization of these high oleic soybean varieties, and we expect to have significant quantities of high oleic soybean oil available in the marketplace by 2016,” he said.
RSF_en SenegalAfrica Receive email alerts Reporters Without Borders today condemned an attack by pro-government demonstrators on about 15 journalists who were following a convoy of supporters of opposition presidential candidate Idrissa Seck of the Rewmi party and the And Liguey Senegal coalition yesterday in the Dakar district of Mermoz.Several people were injured when the convoy was attacked by followers of Cheikh Bethio Thioune, a marabout (religious leader) and well-known supporter President Abdoulaye Wade of the ruling Senegalese Democratic Party, who is running for another term in elections on 25 February. The journalists’ vehicles were ransacked, some of their equipment was stolen and some of them were threatened with knives while police looked on without intervening.Reporters Without Borders said it condemned any act of violence against the press and stressed that governments are obliged to guarantee the safety of journalists in democracies. The press freedom organisation deplored the fact that members of the Senegal press were the victims of political rivalry and were assaulted on the street just three days before the election.The organisation called on the security forces and, in particular, interior minister Ousmane Ngom, to prevent any further outbreaks of violence on the eve of the election and to ensure adequate security measures for any political activities that journalists were likely to cover,In yesterday’s incident, the press was following an opposition convoy in two vehicles. One of them was a minibus containing about 10 journalists working for privately-owned media, including Radio Futurs Médias (RFM), the Walfadjri group, the daily Le Populaire and radio Océan FM. In the attack by demonstrators on the minibus, laptops and mobiles phones were taken, one of the journalists received a blow from a club and another was hit by a thrown stone. The journalists finally fled while the demonstrators torched the minibus. At one point, a woman journalist working for radio Walfadjri was surrounded by a group of very threatening assailants and only managed to get away after a friend in the crowd intervened. November 27, 2020 Find out more Organisation RSF asks Senegal to amend its new press law News January 8, 2021 Find out more Help by sharing this information to go further News February 22, 2007 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Authorities urged to maintain order after government supporters attack 15 journalists RSF decries exceptional press freedom violations in Senegal SenegalAfrica The 2020 pandemic has challenged press freedom in Africa Reports Follow the news on Senegal March 5, 2021 Find out more News
RSF_en October 8, 2010 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Free speech activist Liu Xiaobo awarded Nobel Peace Prize Help by sharing this information China: Political commentator sentenced to eight months in prison News News April 27, 2021 Find out more Organisation Democracies need “reciprocity mechanism” to combat propaganda by authoritarian regimes Receive email alerts to go further ChinaAsia – Pacific ChinaAsia – Pacific Follow the news on China March 12, 2021 Find out more Reporters Without Borders is deeply moved by the award of this year’s Nobel Peace Prize to Chinese intellectual Liu Xiaobo. This decision by Norway’s Nobel Committee is a gesture of historic significance for China’s free speech movement. We see it as a message of hope for the laureate, who is serving an 11-year jail sentence, for detained dissidents all over the world, and for the Chinese people.The Chinese government’s threats of reprisals failed to intimidate the Nobel Committee and the Norwegian authorities. It is a lesson for all the democratic governments that too often bow to pressure from Beijing.Our thoughts are with Liu himself, who has been unjustly imprisoned for peacefully expressing his views, and for his wife, who is alone in Beijing, deprived of her husband’s company.When awarded the Reporters Without Borders prize for press freedom defenders in 2004, Liu wrote in message: “Even if the party decrees harsher and harsher laws against the Internet and the control technologies never stop improving, they will never be able to completely control or censor the Internet.”Liu Xiaobo – the challenge of free speechA former Beijing university philosopher professor, Liu refuses to give up on the idea that the Chinese media will one day be able to operate as a real fourth estate and stand up to the omnipotent Communist Party. So he has tenaciously fought for the universal principle of press freedom, called for the release of imprisoned journalists and dissidents, and published essays on the Internet or in Hong Kong and diaspora newspapers. All this at the risk of his own freedom.He spent two years in prison after publicly defending the student-led democracy movement in June 1989. He was also sentenced to three years of reeducation through work in 1996 for questioning the role of the single party. In May 2004, the political police cut his Internet connection and his phone line after he wrote an essay criticising the use of the charge of “subversion” against journalists and dissidents. When not in prison, he continues to live in Beijing, where the authorities systematically refuse to give him a passport despite repeated invitations from US universities. Liu has also been one of the leaders of the Association of Independent Writers, the only one of its kind in China. Arrested in December 2008, Liu spent nearly a year in prison before being formally charged with subversion on 12 December 2009. Dozens of foreign journalists, foreign diplomats and Liu supporters were kept away from the courthouse when he was tried 11 days later. He was sentenced on Christmas Day 2009 to 11 years in prison on a charge of subverting state authority for posting outspoken articles online and for helping to draft Charter 08, a call for democratic reform.Inspired by Charter 77, the charter circulated by Czechoslovak dissidents in 1977, Charter 08 was released on 8 December 2008, two days before the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Originally signed by some 300 intellectuals and human rights activists, it now has more than 10,000 signatures.In an article for Reporters Without Borders in March 2004, Liu wrote: “The electronic media within China and abroad help to break through the censorship imposed by the Chinese Communist Party (…) In this interplay of prohibition, response and further prohibition, the people’s space for expression is growing millimetre by millimetre. The more the people advance, the more the authorities retreat. The time is not far when the frontier of censorship may be crossed and the people will publicly demand free expression.” News News China’s Cyber Censorship Figures June 2, 2021 Find out more